Gut Microbiota and Inflammatory Cytokine Changes in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by sacroiliac joint lesions and spinal ascending involvement. The aim of this work was at investigating the gut microbiota profile and proinflammatory cytokines in AS patients.


Gut microbiota of AS patients was clearly different from that of healthy human controls. 16S rRNA sequencing analysis demonstrated a changed microbial diversity in the AS patients, and there was a significant increase in the abundance of Cyanobacteria, Deinococcota, Patescibacteria, Actinobacteriota, and Synergistota at a phyla level increased in AS, while the relative abundance of Acidobacteriota, Bdellovibrionota, Campylobacterota, Chloroflexi, Gemmatimonadota, Myxococcota, Nitrospirota, Proteobacteria, and Verrucomicrobiota declined in AS patients.


ELISA results for the markers of inflammation in the AS patients revealed increased concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-23, IL-17, and IFN-γ. Our findings support the fact that the intestinal microbiota are altered in AS with an inflammatory status, which indicates that gut microbiota should be a potential target for ankylosing spondylitis therapy.



Published: 19 Aug 2022

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Biomed Res International; DOI: